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Web Resources

The Partition Library is presently under construction. Once completed, the library will be a compilation of all known resources on Partition managed by a team of volunteer staff and interns, and kept updated through your contributions.

Know of a book, movie or website on Partition that you would like to see listed here? Contact us with your suggestions and help develop this citizen-powered library. The development of this library is a work in progress and we welcome your contribution.

"India: a people partitioned" (BBC Radio Documentaries)

Author(s): 
Andrew Whitehead
www.andrewwhitehead.net/india-a-people-partitioned.html

From Website: " In 1997, after four years as a BBC correspondent based in Delhi, I had the enviable opportunity of making a radio series for the BBC World Service to mark the fiftieth anniversary of India's and Pakistan's independence. India: a people partitioned sought to be a social history of Partition: not about the high politics of independence, nor about the British Raj and those who upheld it, but about the lived experience of the millions who were caught up in the Partition whirlwind.

"Partitioned Lives: Migrants, Refugees, Citizens in India and Pakistan, 1947-65"

Author(s): 
Haimanti Roy
Publisher/Sponsor: 
History Faculty Publications
https://ecommons.udayton.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1020&context=hst_fac_pub

"Unwanted Citizens in a Saturated State Towards a Governmentality of Rehabilitation from Part I - Framing Policy"

Author(s): 
Uditi Sen
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Cambridge University Press (online)
www.cambridge.org/core/books/citizen-refugee/unwanted-citizens-in-a-saturated-state/0F8E058CFD8A4F97E1ECE6BB2CAC80D4

"Introduction: Though nearly seven decades have elapsed since the partition of India, the crisis of rehabilitating the refugees born of this political fissure is yet to be relegated to the pages of history. The figure of the partition refugee haunts every decadal memorialisation of India’s independence as the embodiment of the human cost of partition.

15th August 1947: India after Partition is declared Independent of British Rule

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Maps of India
www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/15th-august-1947-india-after-partition-is-declared-independent-of-british-rule

Maps of India offers a summary of events that describe the 1947 Partition of India and Pakistan.

1946: The Great Calcutta Killings and the Noakhali Genocide

Author(s): 
Sinha, Dinesh Chandra
Dasgupta Ashoke
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Sri Himangshu Maity
bit.ly/3kW77K3

1947: The Year of Partition

www.partitionofindia.com

This website provides first-hand accounts of people’s own experiences and memories of partition. It also provides reflections on the actions of political leaders during partition.

1947Partition.org

Author(s): 
Dr. Kavita Daiya
www.1947partition.org/aboutus.aspx

This website collects “educational resources about the histories and experiences of the 1947 Partition of India in order to create new knowledge about the transnational effects of ethnic violence and migration in the modern world.”

2 - Noakhali and After: History, Memory and Representations

Author(s): 
Sengupta, Debjani
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Cambridge University Press
bit.ly/32enGKN

Literature and history serve the same God and have a close interdependence on each other in that they both ‘narrate’ events. The empiricist and the constructionist theories of history have come under challenge and there is now an increased recognition that history's invented, discursive narratives have a close relationship with the figurative codes of literature as both depend on language and narrative forms. Both are, in particular ways, creations of the human imagination, although with differing objectives.

26 Extremely Rare Photos From 1947 That Show The Horror Of Partition

Author(s): 
Akarsh Mehrotra
Publisher/Sponsor: 
ScoopWhoop.com
http://www.scoopwhoop.com/inothernews/partition-photos-1947/

From scoopwhoop.com: After gaining independence from British Raj, India was to be divided into two separate countries (India and Pakistan). A major population exchange happened with around 25 million people relocating to their new homes and what followed was complete chaos. A large evil loomed over the population that was shifting to a new country once the borders were drawn. Religious riots along with acts of oppression and cruelty marked this huge event as a dark blot on the history of the two countries.

A Partition of Contingency? Public Discourse in Bengal, 1946–1947

Author(s): 
Haimanti Roy
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Cambridge University Press (online)
www.cambridge.org/core/journals/modern-asian-studies/article/abs/partition-of-contingency-public-discourse-in-bengal-19461947/1F5E7947A4EB3AFB93F712C7147D9A7D

Abstract: The historiography on the Partition of Bengal has tended to see it as a culmination of long-term trends of Hindu and Muslim communalism within the province. This essay offers a counter-narrative to the ‘inevitability’ of the Partition by focusing on Bengali public discourse in the months leading up to the Partition.

A rite of passage: The partition of history and the Dawn of Pakistan

Author(s): 
Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698019900510301

Abstract: This essay draws upon the anthropological conceptualization of ‘rites of passage’ to consider the 1947 Partition of the Indian sub-continent as such a rite, into what Liisa Malkki has called the national order of things. As a rite of passage, analytically distinguished into three phases of separation, transition or limen and incorporation, Partition stories can be seen as potentially about the phase of liminality — Pakistani-Indian and not-Pakistaninot-Indian — a liminality which is both ‘structurally invisible’ and deeply threatening to the ‘stable state’ or national order.

A well educated mind vs a well formed mind: Dr. Shashi Tharoor at TEDxGateway 2013

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Youtube/TED talks
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kcW4ABcY3zI&nohtml5=False

Minister of State,Ministry of Human Resource Development,Government of India

An elected Member of Parliament, former Minister of State for External Affairs and former Under-Secretary-General to the United Nations, Dr. Shashi Tharoor is the prize-winning author of fourteen books, including the classic The Great Indian Novel (1989), India from Midnight to the Millennium (1997), Nehru: The Invention of India (2003) and most recently Pax Indica: India & the World of the 21st Century (2012).

Actions, practices and historical structures: the partition of India

Author(s): 
Sanjoy Banerjee
Publisher/Sponsor: 
International Relations of the Asia-Pacific Vol. 2, No. 2 (2002), pp. 197-221 (25 pages) Oxford University Press
International Relations of the Asia-Pacific Vol. 2, No. 2 (2002), pp. 197-221 (25 pages) Oxford University Press

After Partition: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh

Publisher/Sponsor: 
BBC
newsvote.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/629/629/6922293.stm

From BBC: A special report on how India, Pakistan, and since 1971 Bangladesh, have developed since partition.

An-Other Space: diasporic responses to Partition in Bengal

Author(s): 
Louise Harrington
Publisher/Sponsor: 
India and the Indian Diasporic Imagination
www.academia.edu/2653742/An_Other_Space_diasporic_responses_to_Partition_in_Bengal?sm=b

Anxiety of Being: Remembering the Fears in Anita Rau Badami's Can You Hear the Night Bird Call

Author(s): 
Dr. Ajay Saheb Rao Deshmukh
Dr. Suhel Samad Shaikh
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Science, Technology and Development, 2022
www.academia.edu/69308192/ANXIETY_OF_BEING_REMEMBERING_THE_FEARS_IN_ANITA_RAU_BADAMIS_CAN_YOU_HEAR_THE_NIGHT_BIRD_CALL

"Abstract: Fear is one of the primary emotions and state of psychological being which affects the physical existence of human being. Literature dealing with holocaust, partition or physical violence also highlights the dimension of fear. Victims are always under the siege of psychological trauma that devastates their human existence.

Bangla Stories

Author(s): 
Dr. Claire Alexander
Dr. Joya Chatterji
Shahzad Firoz
Dr. Annu Jalais
Publisher/Sponsor: 
LSE/Runnymede Trust
www.banglastories.org

From website: "Our stories of migration came out of a three- year London School of Economics/University of Cambridge project. They’re told by people who left Bengal after Independence in 1947 when the state was divided into West Bengal and East Pakistan (later Bangladesh). These are stories of people who left behind home and family, people who crossed new borders and travelled overseas, people who made new lives."

BBC History: The Hidden Story of Partition and its Legacies

Author(s): 
Dr Crispin Bates
Publisher/Sponsor: 
British Broadcasting Corp.
www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/modern/partition1947_01.shtml

BBC gives a historical account of the 1947 Partition; it provides an explanation of the causes and legacy of partition.

Beyond Partition: Gender, Violence, and Representation in Postcolonial India

Author(s): 
Miriam Nandi
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369801X.2015.1091608

British Voices from South Asia

Author(s): 
Rosan Augusta Jordan and Frank de Caro
www.lib.lsu.edu/special/exhibits/e-exhibits/india/intro.htm

"The exhibition marks the acquisition by the T. Harry Williams Center for Oral History at LSU of a series of taped interviews -- conducted by Professors Frank de Caro and Rosan Augusta Jordan of the LSU English Department -- with British people who lived and worked in India before Independence in 1947. Collectively they provide a sort of "self-portrait" of a colonial subculture and accounts of how Europeans experienced a great Asian society under the peculiar conditions of their time. Quotations from the interviews have been included for each section of the exhibition.

Cartographies of nations and identities: A post-partition predicament

Author(s): 
Ritu Menon
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698019900510281

Changing Tracks and Charting New Territories: The 'Train' Motif in Bengal Partition Stories of 1947

Author(s): 
Debasri Basu
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Journal of the Department of English, Vidyasagar University (A Peer-Reviewed Journal)
www.academia.edu/41094223/Changing_Tracks_and_Charting_New_Territories_The_Train_Motif_in_Bengal_Partition_Stories_of_1947?sm=b

Chester 1947 Partition: Drawing the Indo-Pakistani Boundary

Author(s): 
Lucy Chester
Publisher/Sponsor: 
American Diplomacy
www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/archives_roll/2002_01-03/chester_partition/chester_partition.html

A commentary and analysis of the 1947 Partition from Dr. Chester. "Drawing from her dissertation, she considers here the background to timely questions associated with the Kashmir dispute. She raises the policy question of partition as a tool for crisis management or resolution, and she provides useful historical evidence for scholars wishing to draw contemporary lessons."

China + India: The Power of Two

Author(s): 
Madhavi Thampi
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Harvard Business Review
https://hbr.org/2007/12/china-india-the-power-of-two

"China and India are burying the hatchet after four-plus decades of hostility. A few companies from both nations have been quick to gain competitive advantages by viewing the two as symbiotic. If Western corporations fail to do the same, they will lose their competitive edge—and not just in China and India but globally.

Choreographing [in] Pakistan : Indu Mitha, dancing occluded histories in "The Land of the Pure"

Author(s): 
Feriyal Amal Aslam
Publisher/Sponsor: 
University of California, Los Angeles
www.worldcat.org/oclc/825121231

"This critical biography of Indu Mitha, a Pakistani dancer and choreographer, lays out an alternate, creative history of sixty-four years of post-Partition Pakistan. Her life and work enable choreographing an occluded space on stage and beyond, which I call space of hope --a space of alterity, a place where narratives countering the nation state boundaries enforced by the 1947 Partition of British India into the three independent states of Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh (1971). This space is not a post-colonial one, but is based on a longer shared historical specificity of South Asia.

Colonial Infrastructure and the Politics of Partition of Punjab

Author(s): 
Mubbashir Rizvi
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Studies in Global Asias University of Minnesota Press Volume 6, Issue 2, Fall 2020
muse.jhu.edu/article/807284

34 Field Trip Larkin, Brian. 2018. “Promising Forms: The Political Aesthetics of Infrastructure .” In The Promise of Infrastructure, edited by Hannah Appel, Nikhil Anand, and Akhil Gupta, 175–­ 202. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press. Perlez, Jane, and Yufan Huang. 2016. “China Promoting Tourism for Disputed Paracel Islands.” New York Times, May 8. https://www.nytimes .com/2016/05/29/world/asia/south-china-sea-tourism.html. Roberts, Brian Russel, and Michelle Ann Stephens, eds. 2017. Archipelagic American Studies. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.

Conceptions of Citizenship in India and the 'Muslim Question'

Author(s): 
Ornit Shani
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Modern Asian Studies, Cambridge University Press
www.jstor.org/stable/27764650

This paper explores the development of multiple conceptions of citizenship in India in an attempt to understand how, despite profound social divisions, India's nationhood holds together. The paper advances the proposition that the Indian polity incorporated a deeply divided and conflict-ridden population by offering multiple notions of citizenship upon which a sense of membership in the nation, and a share in the enterprise of the state, could be sought.

Different Identity Formations in Bengal Partition Narratives by Dalit Refugees

Author(s): 
Sarbani Banerjee
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369801X.2016.1277154

Abstract: This essay examines the representation of Dalit refugees’ experiences in post-Partition West Bengal through Adhir Biswas’ memoirs Deshbhager smriti ([Biswas, Adhir. 2010. Deshbhager Smriti. 4 vols. Kolkata: Gangchil], Bengali) and Allar jomite paa ([Biswas, Adhir. 2012. Allar jomite paa. Kolkata: Gangchil], Bengali) and Manoranjan Byapari’s autobiographical work Itibritte chandal jibon ([Byapari, Manoranjan. 2012. Itibritte Chandal Jibon. 1 vol. Kolkata: Kolkata Prakashan], Bengali).

Dimensions and Dynamics of Violence during Partition of India

Author(s): 
Chandni Saxena
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Indian History Congress
www.jstor.org/stable/44158892

DNA Explainer: Why did Partition of India happen and the horrors that took place

Author(s): 
Shampa Sen
Publisher/Sponsor: 
DNA Web Desk
https://www.dnaindia.com/explainer/report-dna-explainer-why-did-partition-of-india-happen-and-the-horrors-that-took-place-2905947

DNA Special: Has China become India's enemy No. 1? Where does Pakistan stand?

Author(s): 
Karishma Jain
Publisher/Sponsor: 
DNA Web Desk
https://www.dnaindia.com/analysis/report-has-china-become-indias-enemy-no-1-where-does-pakistan-stand-2897865

Dr Shashi Tharoor MP - Britain Does Owe Reparations

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Youtube/OxfordUnion
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7CW7S0zxv4

The motion: This house believes Britain owes reparations to her former colonies.

ABOUT THE OXFORD UNION SOCIETY: The Union is the world's most prestigious debating society, with an unparalleled reputation for bringing international guests and speakers to Oxford. It has been established for 189 years, aiming to promote debate and discussion not just in Oxford University, but across the globe.

Education Intercepting The Dalit Way of Being

Author(s): 
Sarbani Banerjee
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369801X.2017.1320226

Abstract: Through readings of Adhir Biswas’ memoirs – Deshbhager Smriti [2010. 4 vols. Kolkata: Gangchil] and Allar jomite paa [2012. Kolkata: Gangchil] – as well as Manoranjan Byapari’s autobiographical work Itibritte Chandal Jibon (2012), I study the importance of education in the lives of first-generation literate Bengali Dalit immigrants. I evaluate the journey of Biswas and Byapari from being labelled as “chhotolok”, towards becoming a part of the bhadralok social group, redefining what it means to belong to either group.

Experiment with Freedom: India and Pakistan, 1947

Author(s): 
Hugh Tinker
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Oxford University Press for the Royal Institute of International Affairs
academic.oup.com/ia/article-abstract/44/1/143/2547115?redirectedFrom=fulltext

Exploring the China-India Relationship Roundtable Report

Author(s): 
Julia M. Rosenfield
Publisher/Sponsor: 
CNA Analysis & Report
https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/D0023594.A1.pdf

"With the 60th anniversary of the establishment of formal diplomatic ties between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of India taking place in the spring of 2010, the time was right to further explore the China-India relationship. On July 29, 2010, CNA China Studies hosted a half-day roundtable to discuss this important topic. Participants, who included analysts from various think-tanks in Washington, DC, were asked to address the following issues:
 India’s perspective on the China-India relationship
 China’s perspective on the China-India relationship

Exploring the Hindu/Muslim Divide through the Partition of Bengal

Author(s): 
Maurice O'Connor
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Universidad de Cádiz, Tis essay was funded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Spain. ProjectFFI2015-63739-P: “Te Aesthetics of Remembering: Empathy, Identification, Mourning”.
www.academia.edu/37759692/EXPLORING_THE_HINDU_MUSLIM_DIVIDE_THROUGH_THE_PARTITION_OF_BENGAL

Abstract: In this paper we shall explore the move from localised to politicised identities in Bengalisociety and evidence how religious affiliation became a central consideration within thisshift. Te growth of communalism, we shall argue, has much to do with the colonialstrategy of establishing separate electoral systems for Hindus and Muslims, cementingthe separation between these religious groupings.

Family Histories of the Bengal Partition

Author(s): 
Meghna Guhathakurta
Publisher/Sponsor: 
"India International Centre Quarterly Vol. 25, No. 1 (SPRING 1998), pp. 126-143 (18 pages)"
www.jstor.org/stable/23005609

Feminist interruptions: The silence of East Bengal in the story of partition

Author(s): 
Shelley Feldman
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698019900510291

Abstract: Using a feminist episteme I examine the exclusion of the East Bengal/East Pakistan experience in constructions of contemporary narratives of Partition. Including the double colonialism of East Bengal, its particular location in the ethnic and religious hierarchies of the region, and the simultaneity of separation and violence as well as freedom and social mobility challenges the emergent meta-narrative of violence by contributing a contradictory interpretation of the Partition experience.

From Community to Communal: The Bengal Secondary Education Bill and the Idea of Pakistan

Author(s): 
Anwesha Roy
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Cambridge University Press (online)
www.cambridge.org/core/books/abs/making-peace-making-riots/from-community-to-communal-the-bengal-secondary-education-bill-and-the-idea-of-pakistan/073D159583ABD5C302BFE5A8D623A43D

"Summary: CASTE AND COMMUNITY POLITICS AROUND THE ISSUE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION

We have seen in the previous chapter how famine relief was used as a window for communal mobilizations. Bengal was still reeling under the impact of the famine, when a new political issue captured its imagination. This was the tabling of the Secondary Education Bill by the ruling party in the Bengal Legislative Assembly, which immediately intensified the communal divide.

Gendered Spectre:Trauma, cultural memory and the Indian partition

Author(s): 
Radhika Mohanram
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09502386.2011.575263

Abstract: The focus of this essay is gendered collective memory of the partition of the Indian sub-continent in 1947, at the time of Independence from British rule. The essay addresses the question of whether there are similarities between trauma studies that developed within a Western Freudian psychoanalytic framework and the anti-colonial theory practiced by decolonizing nations. Taking two women's texts, the essay examines how gender manifests itself within the framework of trauma and how it is played out in collective memory of partition.

Gendering Oral History of Partition: Interrogating Patriarchy

Author(s): 
Anjali Bhardwaj Datta
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Economic and Political Weekly
www.jstor.org/stable/4418296

Women's lives in the Punjab, hitherto regulated by strictly set patriarchal norms, saw unexpected and almost drastic change as Partition set in. The motif of Partition has centred on the humiliation and trauma that women encountered and witnessed. While it is true that women were, in countless instances, Partition's ubiquitous victims, in very many ways the chaos and temporality of the post-Partition period allowed several of them to redefine themselves anew.

Getty Images: India 1947

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Getty Images
www.gettyimages.com/Search/Search.aspx?contractUrl=2&l+anguage=en-+GB&lic=rf&assetType=image&p=india+1947&src=standard

A collection of photographic images relating to the 1947 Partition of India. Some notable photographers included in this collection are Margaret Bourke-White, Bert Hardy, and Robert Nickelsberg.

Himal Southasian

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Southasian Trust
www.himalmag.com/index.php?option=com_googlesearch&n=30&cx=006895320230261818184%3Apcidox9obja&cof=FORID%3A11&ie=UTF-8&q=partition&sa=Search&hl=en&Itemid=22&cx=006895320230261818184%3Apcidox9obja

The Himal Southasian is "South Asia's first and only regional news and analysis magazine...critical analysis, commentary, opinion, essays and reviews -- covering regional trends in politics and economics with the same perspective as culture and history, Himal stories do not stop at national borders, but are followed wherever they lead." This online magazine features material on important aspects of Indian History as well, including the Partition of India.

Historic Trauma and the Politics of the Present in India

Author(s): 
Pradip Datta
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13698010500267942

Abstract: India has had a very different history of violence and conflict from South Africa's, yet each democracy has had to face questions of how to deal with memories of past suffering, which bear directly on the quality of political life in the present. In India, the dream of national independence in 1947 rapidly changed into a nightmare of religious and ethnic violence. Britain's empire in the sub-continent was divided into two countries, Muslim-based Pakistan and constitutionally secular India, amid horrific massacres of Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs.

History and Fiction: A Study of Indo-Anglian Partition Novel

Author(s): 
Fahmeeda Bano
Publisher/Sponsor: 
University of Kashmir
http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in:8080/jspui/handle/10603/32968

Ignorance, Forgetting, and Family Nostalgia: Partition, the Nation State, and Refugees in Delhi

Author(s): 
Dhooleka Sarhadi Raj
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Social Analysis: The International Journal of Anthropology Vol. 44, No. 2 (November 2000), pp. 30-55 (26 pages) Berghahn Books
www.jstor.org/stable/23166533

In Search of the Silver Lining' : Vestiges of the Humane in Narratives of Indian Partition Violence

Author(s): 
Debasri Basu
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Journal of the Department of English, Vidyasagar University [Peer-reviewed National-level Journal, included in UGC-CARE List], 2021 (Pg 119-128)
www.academia.edu/49357678/In_Search_of_the_Silver_Lining_Vestiges_of_the_Humane_in_Narratives_of_Indian_Partition_Violence

Independence, Partition and Gendered Violence

Author(s): 
Bonani Chatterjee
Publisher/Sponsor: 
An International Journal of World Literatures and Cultures
www.academia.edu/64070703/Independence_Partition_and_Gendered_Violence?sm=b

Abstract:This paper seeks to analyse the causes of sectarian violence against women which are rooted in the history of the partition of the country during independence and patriarchal attitudes which continue to dominate society. That this violence was gendered is a fact largely ignored by recorded historyal though it appears as a recurrent theme in the fictional narratives of the partition.

India and China: Conflict and Cooperation

Author(s): 
David M. Malone
Rohan Mukherjee
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Survival
https://lkyspp.nus.edu.sg/docs/default-source/faculty-publications/india_and_china_conflict_and_cooperation.pdf?sfvrsn=14c2930b_0

India and Pakistan: The Demography of Partition

Author(s): 
Kingsley Davis
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Pacific Affairs, Vol. 22, No. 3 (Sep., 1949), pp. 254-264, Pacific Affairs, University of British Columbia
www.jstor.org/stable/2751797

India Independence

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The British Library Board
www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelpregion/asia/india/indianindependence/index.html

From website:"This is a portal to educational sources available in the India Office Records on the historical event of Indian Independence, 1947."

India of the Past: Preserving Memories of India and Indians

Author(s): 
Subodh Mathur
www.indiaofthepast.org/

This website is "preserving memories of India and Indians." It features written interviews, exposing the personal stories of people's first-hand experiences during important times of Indian History.

India Relief and Education Fund: Partition - The Great Migration

Author(s): 
Margaret Bourke-White
Publisher/Sponsor: 
India Relief and Education Fund
iref.homestead.com/GreatMigration.html

From their Resource Center on South Asian History, "South Asia has suffered from several mis-portrayals that have reduced the understanding of its historical development to the spiritual realm, whereas in fact, the region has made several contributions in the areas of science, technology, art and literature, and prior to the colonial period, it was a major world supplier of high quality pre-industrial manufactures. Here are links to various articles covering different period of its history."

India's partition and the defence of Pakistan: An historical perspective

Author(s): 
Ayesha Jalal
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Cambridge University Press
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03086538708582743?journalCode=fich20

India, Pakistan, and the West

Author(s): 
Percival Spear
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Oxford University Press
academic.oup.com/ia/article-abstract/44/1/143/2547115?redirectedFrom=fulltext

India/Pakistan: Indian Independence and the Question of Partition

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Choices Program
www.choices.edu/resources/detail.php?id=205

The Choices Program is a non-profit organization based at Brown University that develops curricula on current and historical international issues. Course materials place special emphasis on the importance of educating students in their participatory role as citizens. This particular curriculum focuses on Indian Independence and the Partition of 1947.

Indian arrivals 1870–1915: networks of British empire

Author(s): 
Anshuman A. Mondal
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369801X.2017.1281402

Indian Memory Project: 1947 India Pakistan Partition Archives

Author(s): 
Anusha Yadav
Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Memory Company
www.indianmemoryproject.com/category/battle-and-conflict/1947-partition/

From website: "Indian Memory Project is an online, curated, visual and narrative based archive that traces a history of the Indian Subcontinent, via photographs and letters found in personal archives. Contextualised with narratives, the photographs & letters (contributed by people all over the world) reveal a powerful and historical palimpsest of a largely undocumented society and sub-continent.

Insanity and then hope

Author(s): 
Adnan Adil
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Academi of the Punjab in North America
apnaorg.com/articles/ishtiaq-13/?msclkid=9f49484acf1211eca8665e6653d66636

Intimate class acts: friendship and desire in Indian and Pakistani women’s fiction; Contemporary diasporic South Asian women’s fiction: gender, narration and globalisation

Author(s): 
Anna Thomas
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369801X.2017.1281403

Islamic Modernism in India and Pakistan, 1857–1964

Author(s): 
Aziz Ahmad
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Oxford University Press for the Royal Institute of International Affairs
academic.oup.com/ia/article-abstract/44/1/143/2547115?redirectedFrom=fulltext

Kashmiriyat as Empty Signifier

Author(s): 
Neil Aggarwal
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13698010802145150

Abstract: The disputed status of Jammu and Kashmir represents the unfinished business of the Partition of India and Pakistan. This essay examines how claims to Kashmir by India, Pakistan, the All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) and the Kashmiri Pandits influence usage of the term ‘Kashmiriyat’ (i.e. the ethos of being Kashmiri). The term is frequently invoked with inconsistent meaning. Kashmiriyat is analysed, through linguistic and semiotic theories of the ‘empty signifier’, to identify which groups are present and absent within sociopolitical discourses.

Legacy of Partition

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Leicestershire County Council
www.leics.gov.uk/index/leisure_tourism/local_history/recordoffice/recordoffice_exhibitions/legacy_of_partition.htm

An online archive of an exhibit held May 2, 2009 at the Braunstone Civic Centre focusing on The Legacy of Partition, 1947-2009.

Looking backwards and forwards from Partition

Author(s): 
Ramachandra Guha
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Hindustan Times
http://www.hindustantimes.com/columns/looking-backwards-and-forwards-from-partition/story-wdI90zPx8AwK4W5RuuQVRI.html

A look back at the Partition and all the events that took place during the mass migration of people from one side of border to the other. In addition, Guha quickly touches on and re-asks many question that surround partition and the tragedy that occurred in the lead up to, during and after the drawing of the India-Pakistan border.

Manas: History and Politics, Constitution of India

Author(s): 
Vinay Lal
www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/History/Independent/indep.html

From website: "This site aims at offering a scholarly yet readable narrative of some aspects of Indian history, politics, culture, and religion. It does not in the least aspire to be comprehensive, an objective that at any rate cannot be achieved, and subjects, personalities, and themes have been chosen for exploration and interpretation because they interest the creator of the site, though often they are of intrinsic importance in understanding the history and evolution of Indian civilization."

Memories of Partition: Revisiting Saadat Hasan Manto

Author(s): 
Sudha Twari
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Economic and Political Weekly Vol. 48, No. 25 (JUNE 22, 2013), pp. 50-58 (9 pages)
www.jstor.org/stable/23527974

Memory of Pain, Scars of Separation: Mapping the Personal History of Partition in Bapsi Sidhwa's Ice-Candy-Man

Author(s): 
Pradipta Shyam Chowdhury
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Raja Rammohun Roy Mahavidyalaya
www.academia.edu/37275548/Memory_of_Pain_Scars_of_Separation_Mapping_the_Personal_History_of_Partition_in_Bapsi_Sidhwas_Ice_Candy_Man

Abstract:Partition Novels based on the social and political upheaval, which occurred at the fag end of the two hundred years of British Raj, became a distinct type in the context of Indian English Novels.

Murder, rape and shattered families: 1947 Partition Archive effort underway

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Dawn
https://www.dawn.com/news/1169309

Nation Misplaced: Film, Time and Space in South Asian Decolonization

Author(s): 
Nandini Bhattacharya
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369801X.2011.628139

Abstract: Histories and aesthetics of space intersected in South Asian decolonization. The contest for space has continued to be reflected in South Asian cinema from the 1950s to the present. Spatial politics and the aestheticization of spaces both reflect current politics and urban policies and also glance back at colonial and postcolonial histories of national fragmentation and nation-formation.

Of Boundaries and Border Crossings

Author(s): 
Sujata Ramachandran
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698019900510331

Abstract: Much has been written on Hindu nationalism in the past few years. Indeed, the rapid ascendancy of the Hindu Right has been the focus of attention of numerous scholars from a wide variety of disciplines. What remains neglected thus far is the role of recent migrations from Bangladesh, increasingly characterized in popular parlance as ‘infiltration’. The present paper aims to rectify this situation.

Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Center for International Research and Studies
www.massviolence.org/spip.php?page=recherche&recherche=partition&form_cherches.x=0&form_cherches.y=0

The Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence is a database “focusing on massacres and genocides of the 20th century,” including historical descriptions and analyses of well-documented and less well-known massacres. There are three types of documents available on the website: Chronological Indexes, Case Studies, Scholarly Reviews and Theoretical Papers.

Pakistan Toward Partition

Author(s): 
The Library of Congress Country Studies
Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Library of Congress Country Studies
www.workmall.com/wfb2001/pakistan/pakistan_history_toward_partition.html

This website page provides a summary of events that lead Pakistan to Partition in 1947. More historical information about Pakistan can also be found.

Pakistan’s Colonial Legacy: FCR and Postcolonial Governance in the Pashtun Tribal Frontier

Author(s): 
Farooq Yousaf
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369801X.2018.1487322

Abstract: Postcolonialism, as a discipline and approach, offers an analytical lens through which to investigate problems in formerly colonized states of Africa and South Asia, along with a poststructuralist perspective on culture and discourse on politics of representation. Pakistan is one such former colony where postcolonial narratives and the persistence of colonial legacies such as the Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR), on its periphery of Pashtun-dominated tribal areas of FATA, has contributed to growing instability in the region.

Pangs of Partition: Lahore in 1947

Author(s): 
Sukhdev Singh Sohal
Publisher/Sponsor: 
"Proceedings of the Indian History Congress Vol. 64 (2003), pp. 1066-1073 (8 pages)"
www.jstor.org/stable/44145533

Panjab 1947: a heart divided

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The National Archives
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/panjab1947/

From The National Archives: The National Archives has recorded the narratives of four Panjabi elders uprooted from their homeland during the Partition of British India in 1947. At least 18 million people were uprooted and one million died in the mass migration that followed. In 2010, Jaswant, Mohammed, Reginald and Tilak Raj met at The National Archives to describe how Partition had shaped their lives.

Partition and Dalit Politics in Bengal: The Figure of Jogendra Nath Mandal

Author(s): 
Anwesha Sengupta
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Looking Back: The 1947 Partition of India, Seventy Years On, Orient Blackswan
www.academia.edu/34566531/Partition_and_Dalit_Politics_in_Bengal_The_Figure_of_Jogendra_Nath_Mandal?sm=bb

Partition and Its Aftermath: Violence, Migration and the Role of Refugees in the Socio-Economic Development of Gujranwala and Sialkot Cities, 1947-1961

Author(s): 
Ilyas Ahmad Chattha
Publisher/Sponsor: 
University of Southampton- School of Humanities:Centre for Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies
http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/366712/1.hasCoversheetVersion/Ilyas%20PhD-E-Thesis.pdf

An academic work, (PhD Thesis). Abstract from the author: The partition of India in August 1947 was marked by the greatest migration in the Twentieth Century and the death of an estimated one million persons. Yet until recently (Ansari 2005; Talbot 2006) little was written about the longer term socioeconomic consequences of this massive dislocation, especially for Pakistan. Even when the ‘human dimension’ of refugee experience rather than the ‘high politics’ of partition was addressed, it was not specifically tied to local case studies (Butalia, 1998).

Partition and Punjabi Novel

Author(s): 
Chaman Lal
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Conference: Partition in South Asia, JNU, New Delhi
www.researchgate.net/publication/280309287_Partition_and_Punjabi_Novel?msclkid=9f492e3dcf1211ecaadad6f869a6c986

Partition in the Classroom: Appendix

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The University of Texas at Austin
www.utexas.edu/cola/insts/southasia/_files/pdf/outreach/partition_in_classroom_appendix.pdf

An appendix of resources on Partition from The University of Texas at Austin's South Asia department.

Partition Memories

Publisher/Sponsor: 
BBC
news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6939997.stm

Intro from BBC: The 60th anniversary of the partition of India in 1947 and the birth of Pakistan was a momentous event in the region.
Millions of people found themselves on the wrong side of the border and hundreds of thousands lost their lives during the mass migration and communal bloodshed.

Generations of families, whose lives have been shaped by the partition, look back at the traumatic events of 1947 and the impact they had on the following 60 years.

Partition Narratives

Author(s): 
Mushurul Hasan
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Oriente Moderno Nuova serie, Anno 23 (84), Nr. 1, ISLAM IN SOUTH ASIA (2004), pp. 103-130 (28 pages) Istituto per l'Oriente C. A. Nallino
www.jstor.org/stable/25817920

Partition of 1947 - India - Pakistan

Publisher/Sponsor: 
South Asia Citizens Web
www.sacw.net/rubrique20.html

An index of selected sources on the Partition of 1947.

Partition of India and the forgotten question of Baluchistan | Tarek Fatah | TEDxRGNUL

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Youtube/ TED talks
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tlrEHJ3jlY4&nohtml5=False

While India is known to have taken birth in 1947 as a modern state, the civilisational ethos of India has survived for ages. Mr. Fatah proposes the need to develop a grand narrative of the Indian civilisation that extends beyond the geographical boundaries of the Indian Territory. Narrating the horror of the continuing conflict in Baluchistan, Tarek Fatah supports the cause of Baloch nationalists to be liberated from the control of Pakistan.

Writer, Broadcaster, a Secular and Liberal Activist. Tarek Fatah is a scholar par excellence with command over a range of subjects.

Partition of the Indian Subcontinent: Planning and Implementation

Author(s): 
Rabia Umar Ali
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Quaid-I-Azam University - Department of History
http://prr.hec.gov.pk/Thesis/1287S.pdf

An academic work. (PhD Thesis) Abstract from the author: India’s Partition was an event of momentous significance for the three major communities, the Hindus, Muslims and the Sikhs who were at the time residing in the subcontinent. It was an equally important phenomenon for the British who were to withdraw their rule and thereby signify an imperial retreat from India. Independence was announced on the 15th of August 1947 after which the two sovereign States of India and Pakistan emerged on the map of the world.

Partition Prolonging Along the Bengal Borderlands

Author(s): 
Sayeed Ferdous
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Partition Studies Quarterly
www.academia.edu/44878859/Partition_Prolonging_Along_the_Bengal_Borderlands?sm=b

Abstract: The essay is about the prolonged aftermath of Partition. It will help one to see that far from being an event of the past, Partition is a living process in the present, replete with all its historical baggage. This article will engage with the complex relationships of the post-Partition states, the border, and borderlanders. Contrary to the metaphor of surgery, the hasty-border making has become a chronic wound, dispersing venomous pain, and infections. The case of Felani Khatun is probably one of the most telling examples of this.

Partition Voices

Author(s): 
Andrew Whitehead
www.andrewwhitehead.net/partition-voices.html

From Website: "Over the past twenty years, I have conducted scores of interviews with people with personal stories to tell of Partition - the botched division of British India in August 1947 to created two independent nations, India and Pakistan. It produced one of the great tragedies of a deeply tragic century - at least half-a-million dead, ten million or more migrants, and the rupture of a symbiotic culture, most notably in Punjab.

Partition, Pakistan, and South Asian History: In Search of a Narrative

Author(s): 
David Gilmartin
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Cambridge University Press
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-asian-studies/article/partition-pakistan-and-south-asian-history-in-search-of-a-narrative/EE2EAB056E8FC287709029505D032B5C

"Few events have been more important to the history of modern South Asia than the partition of the subcontinent into India and Pakistan in 1947. The coming of partition has cast a powerful shadow on historical reconstructions of the decades before 1947, while the ramifications of partition have continued to leave their mark on subcontinental politics fifty years after the event.

Partitioning Bodies: Literature, Abduction and the State

Author(s): 
Bede Scott
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698010902752715

Abstract: During the 1947 Partition of India, an estimated 75,000 to 100,000 women were abducted by members of other religious communities – to be raped and murdered, sold into prostitution, or forced into marriage. In response to this crisis, the governments of India and Pakistan initiated a bilateral recovery programme whose objective it was to return ‘abducted persons’ to their natal or conjugal families. Over the last decade or so, however, criticism of this programme has become increasingly vociferous.

Pedagogy of Indian Partition Literature in the Light of Trauma Theory

Author(s): 
Beerendra Pandey
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Routledge India
www.taylorfrancis.com/chapters/edit/10.4324/9780367817749-11/pedagogy-indian-partition-literature-light-trauma-theory-beerendra-pandey?context=ubx&refId=a4645036-f3d3-4525-bafb-26453ef49614

Abstract: The mediation, through representations, which gives rise to cultural trauma, sets off 'a dramatic loss of identity and meaning, a tear in the social fabric, affecting a group of people that has achieved some degree of cohesion’. An application of Bon Eyerman’s theory of cultural trauma as it relates to the formation of the Indian and Pakistani identities depends largely on the experiential mediation of the partition violence of 1947 — a mediation which conjoins collective memory and national identity through cultural templates.

Photographs from India Post-Independence

Author(s): 
Monica Ghosh
Publisher/Sponsor: 
University of Hawaii at Manoa
digicoll.manoa.hawaii.edu/indiapostindependence/index.php?c=1

This website features "the 36 photographs from India post-independence that have been digitalized in this collection were found in 2002, in a manila envelope, while cleanin gout a file cabinet used for storage. Since then the photographs have been housed in the Preservation Department at the University of Hawai'i Library."

Pioneer of modern art: The last train from Amritsar runs again after 16 years

Author(s): 
Hifza Jillani
Publisher/Sponsor: 
International New York Times
http://tribune.com.pk/story/702529/pioneer-of-modern-art-the-last-train-from-amritsar-runs-again-after-16-years/

The restoration of the famous paintings done by Bashir Mirza 16 years ago.

Planning for the Partition of India 1947: A Scuttled Affair

Author(s): 
Rabia Umar Ali
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Pakistan Journal of History and Culture/National Institute of Historical and Cultural Research- Pakistan
http://www.nihcr.edu.pk/Latest_English_Journal/Planning_for_partition.pdf

An academic article. Abstract form author: The history of the struggle for independence and partition of India from British stronghold needs an authentic and objective analysis not only of the course that it followed or the humanistic perspective that it developed but the sheer manner in which it was planned by the departing authorities. It was not the act but the way it was performed that has brought a whole aura of negativism to be associated with such a historic episode leading many to state and believe that it was a mistake.

Political Aesthetics of the Nation: Murals and Statues in the Indian Parliament

Author(s): 
Shirin M. Rai
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369801X.2014.882147

Abstract: This essay argues that aesthetic approaches to studying politics can allow us to read politics in more nuanced ways. Through the study of murals and statues in the Indian parliament, it is suggested that the politics of art and the art of politics are conjoined. In particular, the essay examines the ways in which the postcolonial Indian state reproduces the discourse of nationalism and modernity through its production of a nationalist aesthetic and how the consumption of this aesthetics results in struggles over meaning-making and its legitimacy.

Portrayal of Partition in Hindi Cinema

Author(s): 
Manoj Sharma
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Proceedings of the Indian History Congress Vol. 70 (2009-2010), pp. 1155-1160 (6 pages)
www.jstor.org/stable/44147759

Postcolonial Studies @ Emory: Partition of India

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Deepika Bahri
postcolonialstudies.emory.edu/partition-of-india/

“Postcolonial Studies @ Emory is a student-authored project in (perpetual) progress at the English Department at Emory University. Begun in Spring 1996, it aims to furnish introductory level information on important creative and critical figures and significant topics in Postcolonial Studies.” Featured on this site is a study of the 1947 Partition of India and it includes a detailed timeline of events that occurred.

Problems of Violence, States of Terror: Torture in Colonial India

Author(s): 
Anupama Rao
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698010120059609

Abstract: The 'discovery' of torture and its prevalence in the extraction of confessions produced a dilemma for the colonial state in India. Especially with the publication of the two-volume Report of the Commissioners for the Investigation of Alleged Cases of Torture in the Madras Presidency in 1855, colonial administrators became uncomfortably aware of the contrived nature of the 'truth' produced before magistrates and the police.

Rakhis elude these wrists as sisters live in Pak

Author(s): 
Vimal Bhatia
Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Times of India
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/jaipur/Rakhis-elude-these-wrists-as-sisters-live-in-Pak/articleshow/48727487.cms

A story of how Partition ripped families apart, and inflected everlasting damage. Bhatia shares a story of how a sister, who lives in India, cannot see her brother who live in Pakistan.

Recollections of the Partition of India

Author(s): 
Neil Hajela
partitionofindiaexperiences.weebly.com

A website project collecting recollection of people who were direct witnesses to the impact of partition. This project examines the stories of four people who were directly impacted by the partition of India; either as being a migrant, or as a person who lived next to the refugee camps, and was directly impacted by the mass inflow of refugees.

Religion, Riots and Rift: Representations of the Partition of 1947 in English-Language Picture Books

Author(s): 
Nithya Sivashankar
Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Ohio State University
https://sophia.stkate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1049&context=rdyl

Remembering partition: women, oral histories and the Partition of 1947

Author(s): 
Pippa Virdee
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Oral History Vol. 41, No. 2, CONFLICT (AUTUMN 2013), pp. 49-62 (14 pages) Oral History Society
www.jstor.org/stable/23610424

This article explores key developments in the way Partition has been represented in the history of India and Pakistan. It more specifically examines how alternative silent voices have been become more visible in the past fifteen years in the historiography of Partition. This shift has been made possible with the use of oral testimonies to document accounts of ordinary people's experiences of this event in the history of India and Pakistan.

Representing partition in the UK: an archive, an exhibition and a classroom

Author(s): 
K.M. Greenbank
Publisher/Sponsor: 
India Review
www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14736489.2021.1993711

In 2005 Rev. Michael Roden, the vicar at Church of England church of St Mary’s in Hitchin (a small town about 30 miles north of London) was invited to India to give a series of sermons to Indian Church of England congregations. He was struck during his visit by the scars in Indian society that he thought were the remnants of Partition’s aftermath. His visit set him thinking about the ways in which Partition has shaped British as well as Indian and Pakistani society, and about how little people in the UK know about the calamitous results of British policy at the time of decolonization.

Response to the responses:Thoughts on the postcolonial

Author(s): 
Arif Dirlik
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698019900510401

Revolutionary Non-Violence: Gandhi in Postcolonial and Subaltern Discourse

Author(s): 
Harish Trivedi
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369801X.2011.628114

Abstract: As the supreme leader of the Indian national movement for freedom, the success of which in 1947 set off a whole wave of decolonization in the rest of the British Empire, M. K. Gandhi may be thought to have a claim to be regarded as the Father of the Postcolonial. However, the founding figures of postcolonial discourse have hardly taken any note of him, and there is a deafening silence on Gandhi in the various readers, encyclopedias and companions on the subject.

Rising Violence against Muslims in India Under Modi and BJP Rule

Author(s): 
C. J. Werleman
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Insight Turkey, Vol. 23, No. 2 (SPRING 2021), pp. 39-50, SET VAKFI İktisadi İşletmesi, SETA VAKFI
www.jstor.org/stable/27028538

Abstract: While communal violence has been an ongoing and unfortunate reality for post-colonial and post-partition India, there’s no sidestepping the fact that attacks and hate crime incidences against the country’s Muslim minority by members of the Hindu majority have occurred in greater frequency and ferocity in the years since Prime Minister Narendra Modi, leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), came to power in 2014 –on the back of a Hindu nationalist agenda, one in which anti-Muslim animus and discrimination features in mainstream political discourse and government policy.

Saving Punjab

Author(s): 
Geoffrey C. Ward
Publisher/Sponsor: 
SMITHSONIAN MAGAZINE
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/saving-punjab-41158359/?no-ist

A story of a Sikh architect that is helping to preserve cultural sites in the north Indian state which is still haunted by 1947’s heart-wrenching Partition.

Shades Of The Old Punjab

Author(s): 
Chander Suta Dogra
Publisher/Sponsor: 
www.outlookindia.com
http://www.outlookindia.com/article/shades-of-the-old-punjab/265962

A story of how "Sikhs and Hindus across rural Punjab are helping restore mosques destroyed during Partition."

Sikhs and the Partition of the Punjab

Author(s): 
Shiv Kumar Gupta
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Proceedings of the Indian History Congress Vol. 58 (1997), pp. 591-598 (8 pages) Indian History Congress
www.jstor.org/stable/44143965

Situating the Post-Partition Muslim Migrant in Pakistan

Author(s): 
Soumyadeep Neogi
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Daath Voyage: An International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in English , 2020
www.academia.edu/44136220/Situating_the_Post_Partition_Muslim_Migrant_in_Pakistan

"Abstract:Millions of people were forced to migrate after the Partition of the Indian subcontinent. The massive human displacement enabled the creation of new ethnic identities. This was, especially,pronounced for migrant Muslims in Pakistan who had to settle there and restart their lives. Although initially, they were regarded as religious refugees who had sacrificed everything for Pakistan, soon they were treated as unwanted outsiders.

South Asia Citizens Web: Linking Dissent in South Asia and Beyond since 1998

www.sacw.net/rubrique20.html

The South Asian Citizens Web “aims to promote dialogue and information exchange between and about South Asian citizens initiatives.” It features resources and articles on the 1947 Partition of India.

Special Section on ‘India–China Relations in the Early 20th Century

Author(s): 
Madhavi Thampi
Publisher/Sponsor: 
China Report
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0009445514542394

Staying on: partition and West Bengal's Muslim minorities

Author(s): 
Joya Chatterji
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Cambridge University Press (online)
www.cambridge.org/core/books/abs/spoils-of-partition/staying-on-partition-and-west-bengals-muslim-minorities/4165B6DE2BC444955F4A125F2F4F9BA4

India's partition was intended to create a strong, homogeneous nation, capable of being governed effectively from the centre, a goal which could be achieved only by excising from India its Muslim-majority regions. In a parallel but differently motivated campaign, the Hindus who pressed for Bengal's partition wanted to cut out territories in which Muslims were a threatening majority, even if this meant sacrificing the economic viability of their new province. But these partitions were inevitably incomplete.

Subjectivities, memories, loss of pigskin bags, silver spittoons and the partition of India

Author(s): 
Ananya Jahanara Kabir
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698010220144315

Abstract: The Partition of India was a traumatic event whose repercussions continue to impact on South Asian subjectivities in complex ways that scholarship on that event and its representations has recently begun to illuminate. This paper offers two methodological propositions, both broadly indebted to scholarship on the representation of the Holocaust, to those investigating narrative representations of Partition. First, it suggests that all investigations into the event of Partition should proceed from a radical awareness of subject position.

Telling tales: Women and the trauma of partition in Sidhwa's Cracking India

Author(s): 
Deepika Bahri
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698019900510321

Abstract: Bapsi Sidhwa's novel, Cracking India, presents the experiences of women during the violence of the subcontinental partition of 1947. In broaching the topics of rape and trauma, topics considered culturally taboo or unspeakable for subcontinental women, the novel obliges us to confront both the possibilities and the limits of literary representation.

Testimonies of loss and memory: Partition and the haunting of a nation

Author(s): 
Priya Kumar
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13698019900510311

Abstract: While the partition of the Indian subcontinent, as an event of shattering consequence, underlies the very origin of the postcolonial Indian state, historiographies of Indian nationhood are often marked by their failure to acknowledge or claim this cataclysmic history.

The 1947 Partition of India: Irish Parellels

Author(s): 
Deirdre McMahon
Publisher/Sponsor: 
History Ireland
www.jstor.org/stable/27823028

The Demographic Impact of Partition in the Punjab in 1947

Author(s): 
K. Hill
W. Selzer
J. Leaning
S. J. Malik
S. S. Russell
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Population Studies Vol. 62, No. 2 (Jul., 2008), pp. 155-170 (16 pages) Taylor and Francis, Ltd.
www.jstor.org/stable/27643460

The devil in the detail: new borders for a new state

Author(s): 
Joya Chatterji
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Cambridge University Press (online)
www.cambridge.org/core/books/abs/spoils-of-partition/devil-in-the-detail-new-borders-for-a-new-state/55CC4C5E7D50F9774840042E31ED1AA4

Attlee's statement of 3 June heralded success for the coalition of Bengal's Hindu leaders who, in the last years of the Raj, had campaigned so vigorously for the partition of their province. By decisions taken in London and in Delhi, they had won for themselves a Hindu state inside India which would be in place before the end of the monsoon. With this prize in imminent prospect, the leaders of the Hindu coalition had to turn their attention to the practical details of converting, by mid-August, their idea of a Hindu homeland into reality.

The Economic Consequences of Partition: India and Pakistan

Author(s): 
Wayne Wilox
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Journal of International Affairs Vol. 18, No. 2, The Politics of Partition (1964), pp. 188-197 (10 pages)
www.jstor.org/stable/24363272

The Finality of Partition: Bilateral Relations Between India and Pakistan, 1947-1957

Author(s): 
Pallavi Raghavan
Publisher/Sponsor: 
St. Johns College, University of Cambridge
https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/1810/245128/PhD%20for%20DSpace_Pallavi.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

An academic work, (PhD Thesis). Abstract from the author: This dissertation will focus on the history of bilateral relations between India and Pakistan. It looks at how the process of dealing with issues thrown up in the aftermath of partition shaped relations between the two countries. I focus on the debates around the immediate aftermath of partition, evacuee property disputes, border and water disputes, minorities and migration, trade between the two countries, which shaped the canvas in which the India-Pakistan relationship took shape.

The High Politics of India's Partition: The Revisionist Perspective

Author(s): 
Asim Roy
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 24, No. 2 (May, 1990), pp. 385-408, Cambridge University Press
www.jstor.org/stable/3126611

The National Archives: The Punjab Boundary Force 1947

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The National Archive
bit.ly/1H6JFAC

"From an India Office Military Department file. Report on the operations of the Punjab Boundary Force by its Commander, Major-General T W Rees. The Punjab Boundary Force was formed in a largely vain attempt to control and prevent communal warfare between Sikhs and Muslims in the Punjab at the time of the partition of British India into the two independent states of India and Pakistan. It operated 1 Aug - 1 Sep 1947."

The National Archives: The Road to Partition 1939-47

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The National Archive
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/topics/the-road-to-partition.htm

This document collection through the National Archives is “related to India and the struggle for independence and the road to partition 1939-1947.” It provides sources such as letters, government documents, and articles pertaining to Partition and Independence. The National Archives “is the official archive and publisher for the UK government, and for England and Wales.”

The Old Indian Photos: Historical Old VIntage Photographs of the Indian Subcontinent

www.oldindianphotos.in/search/label/Partion%20of%20India

This website features "historical old rare vintage photographs and Videos of Indian Subcontinent," including photos taken during the Partition of India.

The Partition Museum Project

Author(s): 
The Arts and Cultural Heritage Trust
Kishwar Desai
Publisher/Sponsor: 
LSE: South Asia Centre
www.partitionmuseum.org/

The main focus of the The Arts and Cultural Heritage Trust is to set up a Partition Museum. The Partition Museum Project (TPMP) was initiated by The Arts and Cultural Heritage Trust (TAACHT), in early 2015, to work towards the establishment of a world class, physical museum, dedicated to the memory of the Partition in 1947 — its victims, its survivors and its lasting legacy. In one of the greatest and most painful upheavals of contemporary history, over twenty million migrated to a new homeland on the other side of a quickly demarcated border, leaving behind precious memories.

The Partition of India in Perspective

Author(s): 
N. G. Rajurkar
Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Indian Journal of Political Science Vol. 43, No. 2 (APRIL-JUNE 1982), pp. 34-53
www.jstor.org/stable/41855132

The Partition of India in Retrospect

Author(s): 
Nicholas Mansergh
Publisher/Sponsor: 
International Journal Vol. 21, No. 1 (Winter, 1965/1966), pp. 1-19, Sage Publications, Ltd. on behalf of the Canadian International Council
www.jstor.org/stable/40199249

The Partition of India: A Quarter Century After

Author(s): 
Robert Eric Frykenberg
Publisher/Sponsor: 
The American Historical Review, Vol. 77, No. 2 (Apr., 1972), pp. 463-472, Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Historical Association
www.jstor.org/stable/1868702

The Persistence of Partitions: A Study of the Sindhi Hindus in India

Author(s): 
Rita Kothari
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369801X.2011.597597

Abstract: This essay is based on my engagement with the Sindhi-speaking Hindu minority of Sindh that migrated to India in and around 1947, when the province of Sindh became a part of Pakistan. It privileges therefore a specific religious group and its response and negotiation to a specific moment. My current research on Sindhi-speaking Muslims along the border interrogates the classification of ‘Sindhis’ as a spatially fixed identity, and revisits the state-endorsed premises of irrevocability and border-formation.

The Princely States, the Muslim League, and the Partition of India in 1947

Author(s): 
Ian Copland
Publisher/Sponsor: 
"The International History Review, Vol. 13, No. 1 (Feb., 1991), pp. 38-69, Taylor & Francis, Ltd. "
www.jstor.org/stable/40106322

The Process of Partition, 1947

Author(s): 
Dr. Frances W. Pritchett
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Columbia University
www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00maplinks/modern/maps1947/maps1947.html

A map index of how India transformed from princely states and British colonial rule to india now post-partition.

The Story of India: Partition & Independence

Publisher/Sponsor: 
MayaVision International
www.pbs.org/thestoryofindia/gallery/photos/24.html

From website: "Explore The Story of India through this interactive photo gallery that weaves together a series of interrelated themes, events, and individuals that helped shape India's history."

The Terror of Decolonization: Exploring French India’s “Goonda Raj”

Author(s): 
Jessica Namakkal
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369801X.2016.1231586

Abstract: The colonial archives are filled with documents detailing incidents of arson, beatings, shootings, robberies and harassment that occurred along the contours of the numerous borders that separated French India from India following the departure of the British in 1947. The framing of these years as a period of terror wrought by “goondas” covered an underlying anxiety about the future of the nation-state and national citizenship at the moment of decolonization.

The Troubled History of Partition

Author(s): 
Radha Kumar
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Foreign Affairs
http://www.partitionconflicts.com/partitions/downloads/Kumar%20Partition.pdf

A comparative analysis on states that experienced partition, specifically Cyprus, India, Palestine, and Ireland.

Through My Eyes: Stories of Conflict, Belonging & Identity

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Imperial War Museum Trading Company Ltd.
www.throughmyeyes.org.uk/custom/iwm/tme/

Summary: Through My Eyes is an online exhibition created by the Imperial War Museum. It features personal stories of war, conflict, belonging, and identity from the Indian Partition and other historical contexts.

Towards Bangladesh: British and Pakistani Rule

Author(s): 
David Lewis
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Cambridge University Press (online)
www.cambridge.org/core/books/abs/bangladesh/towards-bangladesh/47C4ADD3136E3DF9C533B92B51AA7494

Bangladesh's existence as a nation-state only dates from 1971, but the nation cannot be understood without reference to a much-longer historical backdrop. In this chapter we provide a selective historical overview leading up to the moment when Bangladesh emerged as a separate country, aiming to contextualise analysis of state and economy against the longer-term developments in the region. The chapter begins with a brief discussion of precolonial Bengal, a period with important implications for the shaping of the natural environment and of social and religious identities.

Towards Freedom

www.towardsfreedom.in

Towards Freedom is a historical web archive "dedicated solely to the purpose of learning re-search the history of India's struggle for Freedom from the yoke of imperialism." It features biographies of prominent leaders of the independence movement, photos, descriptions of individual movements, and a large pool of resources pertaining to Indian Independence.

Tracking Meaning between Continuous Coming and Continuous Going: The Train in Bengali Short Fictional Narratives on the Partition

Author(s): 
Dr. Barnali Saha
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Creative Forum (Issn 0975-6396) Vol. 33, No. 1-2, Jan-Dec 2020, 2020
www.academia.edu/50037653/Tracking_Meaning_between_Continuous_Coming_and_Continuous_Going_The_Train_in_Bengali_Short_Fictional_Narratives_on_the_Partition

Abstract:The Partition of India in 1947 that resulted in the death and displacement of millions of people continues to inhabit the cognizance of the people of South Asia as a historical phenomenon laden with violence. Although the bequest of the Partition is palpable in episodes of religious tension, discourses on minority belonging, secularism, nation and nationalism in India, critical exploration of the phenomenon as a tension-ridden historical episode has largely been restricted.

Two Tales of a City: The Place of English and the Limits of Postcolonial Critique

Author(s): 
Rashmi Sadana
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Taylor and Francis Online
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13698010902752673

Abstract: Since the early 1980s, novels by Indians in English have become the site of a transnational publishing ‘boom’ made possible by the opening of Anglo-American literary markets to non-white writing. This essay begins by illuminating the disconnect between the postcolonial versus transnational framings of Indian English fiction. It shows how this literature has gone from being grounded in the politics of particular places to being framed as a de-territorialized literary flourishing, thereby denuding it of its political relevance in an era of transnational literary production.

Two women, one family, and divided nations

Author(s): 
Meghna Guhathakurta
www.academia.edu/48482348/Family_Histories_of_the_Bengal_Partition?sm=b

What Really Caused the Violence of Partition?

Author(s): 
Guneeta Singh Bhalla
Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Diplomat
https://thediplomat.com/2019/08/what-really-caused-the-violence-of-partition/

Whose Homeland? Territoriality and Religious Nationalism in Pre-Partition Bengal

Author(s): 
Reece Jones
Publisher/Sponsor: 
University of Wisconsin-Madison
http://sar.sagepub.com/content/26/2/115.short

Abstract from author: Scholarly inquiries into communalism in South Asia have often exclusively focused on politically constructed religious and ethnic identity categories. This article challenges these assumptions by arguing that territoriality and the designation of homelands played an important, but largely unrecognized, role in developing social and political boundaries in the region.

Who’s responsible for India’s partition?

Author(s): 
Uday Balakrishnan
Publisher/Sponsor: 
BusinessLine
https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/columns/uday-balakrishnan/whos-responsible-for-indias-partition/article24049024.ece

Women Amidst India's Partition

Author(s): 
Piyasha Das
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Jus Corpus Law Journal
www.juscorpus.com/women-amidst-indias-partition/#:~:text=%20WOMEN%20AMIDST%20INDIA%E2%80%99S%20PARTITION%20%201%20INTRODUCTION.,issue%20of%20who%20belonged%20was%20and...%20More%20

‘No matter how, Jogendranath had to be defeated’: The Scheduled Castes Federation and the making of partition in Bengal, 1945–1947

Author(s): 
Dwaipayan Sen
Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Indian Economic and Social History Review
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0019464612455273

This article offers an explanation for the defeat of Jogendranath Mandal and the Scheduled Castes Federation in the context of partition-era Bengal. Departing from analyses of Scheduled Caste integration, it explores the Federation’s efforts at creating an independent political platform through a strategic alliance with the Muslim League. To this end, it traces Mandal’s and the Federation’s trajectory through the following key moments: the anti-Poona Pact day and Day of Direct Action, the 1946 election, Dr B.R.