Web Resources

The Partition Library is presently under construction. Once completed, the library will be a compilation of all known resources on Partition managed by a team of volunteer staff and interns, and kept updated through your contributions.

Know of a book, movie or website on Partition that you would like to see listed here? Contact us with your suggestions and help develop this citizen-powered library. The development of this library is a work in progress and we welcome your contribution.

"India: a people partitioned" (BBC Radio Documentaries)

Author(s): 
Andrew Whitehead
www.andrewwhitehead.net/india-a-people-partitioned.html

From Website: " In 1997, after four years as a BBC correspondent based in Delhi, I had the enviable opportunity of making a radio series for the BBC World Service to mark the fiftieth anniversary of India's and Pakistan's independence. India: a people partitioned sought to be a social history of Partition: not about the high politics of independence, nor about the British Raj and those who upheld it, but about the lived experience of the millions who were caught up in the Partition whirlwind.

15th August 1947: India after Partition is declared Independent of British Rule

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Maps of India
www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/15th-august-1947-india-after-partition-is-declared-independent-of-british-rule

Maps of India offers a summary of events that describe the 1947 Partition of India and Pakistan.

1947: The Year of Partition

www.partitionofindia.com

This website provides first-hand accounts of people’s own experiences and memories of partition. It also provides reflections on the actions of political leaders during partition.

1947Partition.org

Author(s): 
Dr. Kavita Daiya
www.1947partition.org/aboutus.aspx

This website collects “educational resources about the histories and experiences of the 1947 Partition of India in order to create new knowledge about the transnational effects of ethnic violence and migration in the modern world.”

After Partition: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh

Publisher/Sponsor: 
BBC
newsvote.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/629/629/6922293.stm

From BBC: A special report on how India, Pakistan, and since 1971 Bangladesh, have developed since partition.

Bangla Stories

Author(s): 
Dr. Claire Alexander
Dr. Joya Chatterji
Shahzad Firoz
Dr. Annu Jalais
Publisher/Sponsor: 
LSE/Runnymede Trust
www.banglastories.org

From website: "Our stories of migration came out of a three- year London School of Economics/University of Cambridge project. They’re told by people who left Bengal after Independence in 1947 when the state was divided into West Bengal and East Pakistan (later Bangladesh). These are stories of people who left behind home and family, people who crossed new borders and travelled overseas, people who made new lives."

BBC History: The Hidden Story of Partition and its Legacies

Author(s): 
Dr Crispin Bates
Publisher/Sponsor: 
British Broadcasting Corp.
www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/modern/partition1947_01.shtml

BBC gives a historical account of the 1947 Partition; it provides an explanation of the causes and legacy of partition.

British Voices from South Asia

Author(s): 
Rosan Augusta Jordan and Frank de Caro
www.lib.lsu.edu/special/exhibits/e-exhibits/india/intro.htm

"The exhibition marks the acquisition by the T. Harry Williams Center for Oral History at LSU of a series of taped interviews -- conducted by Professors Frank de Caro and Rosan Augusta Jordan of the LSU English Department -- with British people who lived and worked in India before Independence in 1947. Collectively they provide a sort of "self-portrait" of a colonial subculture and accounts of how Europeans experienced a great Asian society under the peculiar conditions of their time. Quotations from the interviews have been included for each section of the exhibition.

Chester 1947 Partition: Drawing the Indo-Pakistani Boundary

Author(s): 
Lucy Chester
Publisher/Sponsor: 
American Diplomacy
www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/archives_roll/2002_01-03/chester_partition/chester_partition.html

A commentary and analysis of the 1947 Partition from Dr. Chester. "Drawing from her dissertation, she considers here the background to timely questions associated with the Kashmir dispute. She raises the policy question of partition as a tool for crisis management or resolution, and she provides useful historical evidence for scholars wishing to draw contemporary lessons."

Getty Images: India 1947

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Getty Images
www.gettyimages.com/Search/Search.aspx?contractUrl=2&l+anguage=en-+GB&lic=rf&assetType=image&p=india+1947&src=standard

A collection of photographic images relating to the 1947 Partition of India. Some notable photographers included in this collection are Margaret Bourke-White, Bert Hardy, and Robert Nickelsberg.

Himal Southasian

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Southasian Trust
www.himalmag.com/index.php?option=com_googlesearch&n=30&cx=006895320230261818184%3Apcidox9obja&cof=FORID%3A11&ie=UTF-8&q=partition&sa=Search&hl=en&Itemid=22&cx=006895320230261818184%3Apcidox9obja

The Himal Southasian is "South Asia's first and only regional news and analysis magazine...critical analysis, commentary, opinion, essays and reviews -- covering regional trends in politics and economics with the same perspective as culture and history, Himal stories do not stop at national borders, but are followed wherever they lead." This online magazine features material on important aspects of Indian History as well, including the Partition of India.

India Independence

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The British Library Board
www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelpregion/asia/india/indianindependence/index.html

From website:"This is a portal to educational sources available in the India Office Records on the historical event of Indian Independence, 1947."

India of the Past: Preserving Memories of India and Indians

Author(s): 
Subodh Mathur
www.indiaofthepast.org/

This website is "preserving memories of India and Indians." It features written interviews, exposing the personal stories of people's first-hand experiences during important times of Indian History.

India Relief and Education Fund: Partition - The Great Migration

Author(s): 
Margaret Bourke-White
Publisher/Sponsor: 
India Relief and Education Fund
iref.homestead.com/GreatMigration.html

From their Resource Center on South Asian History, "South Asia has suffered from several mis-portrayals that have reduced the understanding of its historical development to the spiritual realm, whereas in fact, the region has made several contributions in the areas of science, technology, art and literature, and prior to the colonial period, it was a major world supplier of high quality pre-industrial manufactures. Here are links to various articles covering different period of its history."

India/Pakistan: Indian Independence and the Question of Partition

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Choices Program
www.choices.edu/resources/detail.php?id=205

The Choices Program is a non-profit organization based at Brown University that develops curricula on current and historical international issues. Course materials place special emphasis on the importance of educating students in their participatory role as citizens. This particular curriculum focuses on Indian Independence and the Partition of 1947.

Indian Memory Project: 1947 India Pakistan Partition Archives

Author(s): 
Anusha Yadav
Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Memory Company
www.indianmemoryproject.com/category/battle-and-conflict/1947-partition/

From website: "Indian Memory Project is an online, curated, visual and narrative based archive that traces a history of the Indian Subcontinent, via photographs and letters found in personal archives. Contextualised with narratives, the photographs & letters (contributed by people all over the world) reveal a powerful and historical palimpsest of a largely undocumented society and sub-continent.

Legacy of Partition

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Leicestershire County Council
www.leics.gov.uk/index/leisure_tourism/local_history/recordoffice/recordoffice_exhibitions/legacy_of_partition.htm

An online archive of an exhibit held May 2, 2009 at the Braunstone Civic Centre focusing on The Legacy of Partition, 1947-2009.

Manas: History and Politics, Constitution of India

Author(s): 
Vinay Lal
www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/History/Independent/indep.html

From website: "This site aims at offering a scholarly yet readable narrative of some aspects of Indian history, politics, culture, and religion. It does not in the least aspire to be comprehensive, an objective that at any rate cannot be achieved, and subjects, personalities, and themes have been chosen for exploration and interpretation because they interest the creator of the site, though often they are of intrinsic importance in understanding the history and evolution of Indian civilization."

Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Center for International Research and Studies
www.massviolence.org/spip.php?page=recherche&recherche=partition&form_cherches.x=0&form_cherches.y=0

The Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence is a database “focusing on massacres and genocides of the 20th century,” including historical descriptions and analyses of well-documented and less well-known massacres. There are three types of documents available on the website: Chronological Indexes, Case Studies, Scholarly Reviews and Theoretical Papers.

Pakistan Toward Partition

Author(s): 
The Library of Congress Country Studies
Publisher/Sponsor: 
The Library of Congress Country Studies
www.workmall.com/wfb2001/pakistan/pakistan_history_toward_partition.html

This website page provides a summary of events that lead Pakistan to Partition in 1947. More historical information about Pakistan can also be found.

Panjab 1947: a heart divided

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The National Archives
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/panjab1947/

From The National Archives: The National Archives has recorded the narratives of four Panjabi elders uprooted from their homeland during the Partition of British India in 1947. At least 18 million people were uprooted and one million died in the mass migration that followed. In 2010, Jaswant, Mohammed, Reginald and Tilak Raj met at The National Archives to describe how Partition had shaped their lives.

Partition in the Classroom: Appendix

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The University of Texas at Austin
www.utexas.edu/cola/insts/southasia/_files/pdf/outreach/partition_in_classroom_appendix.pdf

An appendix of resources on Partition from The University of Texas at Austin's South Asia department.

Partition Memories

Publisher/Sponsor: 
BBC
news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6939997.stm

Intro from BBC: The 60th anniversary of the partition of India in 1947 and the birth of Pakistan was a momentous event in the region.
Millions of people found themselves on the wrong side of the border and hundreds of thousands lost their lives during the mass migration and communal bloodshed.

Generations of families, whose lives have been shaped by the partition, look back at the traumatic events of 1947 and the impact they had on the following 60 years.

Partition of 1947 - India - Pakistan

Publisher/Sponsor: 
South Asia Citizens Web
www.sacw.net/rubrique20.html

An index of selected sources on the Partition of 1947.

Partition Voices

Author(s): 
Andrew Whitehead
www.andrewwhitehead.net/partition-voices.html

From Website: "Over the past twenty years, I have conducted scores of interviews with people with personal stories to tell of Partition - the botched division of British India in August 1947 to created two independent nations, India and Pakistan. It produced one of the great tragedies of a deeply tragic century - at least half-a-million dead, ten million or more migrants, and the rupture of a symbiotic culture, most notably in Punjab.

Photographs from India Post-Independence

Author(s): 
Monica Ghosh
Publisher/Sponsor: 
University of Hawaii at Manoa
digicoll.manoa.hawaii.edu/indiapostindependence/index.php?c=1

This website features "the 36 photographs from India post-independence that have been digitalized in this collection were found in 2002, in a manila envelope, while cleanin gout a file cabinet used for storage. Since then the photographs have been housed in the Preservation Department at the University of Hawai'i Library."

Postcolonial Studies @ Emory: Partition of India

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Deepika Bahri
postcolonialstudies.emory.edu/partition-of-india/

“Postcolonial Studies @ Emory is a student-authored project in (perpetual) progress at the English Department at Emory University. Begun in Spring 1996, it aims to furnish introductory level information on important creative and critical figures and significant topics in Postcolonial Studies.” Featured on this site is a study of the 1947 Partition of India and it includes a detailed timeline of events that occurred.

Recollections of the Partition of India

Author(s): 
Neil Hajela
partitionofindiaexperiences.weebly.com

A website project collecting recollection of people who were direct witnesses to the impact of partition. This project examines the stories of four people who were directly impacted by the partition of India; either as being a migrant, or as a person who lived next to the refugee camps, and was directly impacted by the mass inflow of refugees.

South Asia Citizens Web: Linking Dissent in South Asia and Beyond since 1998

www.sacw.net/rubrique20.html

The South Asian Citizens Web “aims to promote dialogue and information exchange between and about South Asian citizens initiatives.” It features resources and articles on the 1947 Partition of India.

The National Archives: The Punjab Boundary Force 1947

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The National Archive
bit.ly/1H6JFAC

"From an India Office Military Department file. Report on the operations of the Punjab Boundary Force by its Commander, Major-General T W Rees. The Punjab Boundary Force was formed in a largely vain attempt to control and prevent communal warfare between Sikhs and Muslims in the Punjab at the time of the partition of British India into the two independent states of India and Pakistan. It operated 1 Aug - 1 Sep 1947."

The National Archives: The Road to Partition 1939-47

Publisher/Sponsor: 
The National Archive
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/topics/the-road-to-partition.htm

This document collection through the National Archives is “related to India and the struggle for independence and the road to partition 1939-1947.” It provides sources such as letters, government documents, and articles pertaining to Partition and Independence. The National Archives “is the official archive and publisher for the UK government, and for England and Wales.”

The Old Indian Photos: Historical Old VIntage Photographs of the Indian Subcontinent

www.oldindianphotos.in/search/label/Partion%20of%20India

This website features "historical old rare vintage photographs and Videos of Indian Subcontinent," including photos taken during the Partition of India.

The Process of Partition, 1947

Author(s): 
Dr. Frances W. Pritchett
Publisher/Sponsor: 
Columbia University
www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00maplinks/modern/maps1947/maps1947.html

A map index of how India transformed from princely states and British colonial rule to india now post-partition.

The Story of India: Partition & Independence

Publisher/Sponsor: 
MayaVision International
www.pbs.org/thestoryofindia/gallery/photos/24.html

From website: "Explore The Story of India through this interactive photo gallery that weaves together a series of interrelated themes, events, and individuals that helped shape India's history."

Through My Eyes: Stories of Conflict, Belonging & Identity

Publisher/Sponsor: 
Imperial War Museum Trading Company Ltd.
www.throughmyeyes.org.uk/custom/iwm/tme/

Summary: Through My Eyes is an online exhibition created by the Imperial War Museum. It features personal stories of war, conflict, belonging, and identity from the Indian Partition and other historical contexts.

Towards Freedom

www.towardsfreedom.in

Towards Freedom is a historical web archive "dedicated solely to the purpose of learning re-search the history of India's struggle for Freedom from the yoke of imperialism." It features biographies of prominent leaders of the independence movement, photos, descriptions of individual movements, and a large pool of resources pertaining to Indian Independence.